Cologne is a city and cultural center, founded 2000 years ago. It is located on the banks of the River Rhine in the western part of Germany. The main attraction is the Cologne Cathedral in the Old Town, a model of high Gothic architecture. It is famous for its gilded medieval relic and beautiful views of the river. The nearby Ludwig Museum houses works of art from the 20th century, including the masterpieces of Picasso. The Roman-German Museum presents exhibits from the Roman Empire. The population is about one million one hundred thousand people.