Malta is a state in the Maltese archipelago, lying in the central Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and North Africa. At various times, Malta belonged to the Romans, Hospitallers, Moors, French and British, as many historical sites recall. Local fortresses, megalithic temples and the Khal-Saflieni sanctuary with underground halls and burial chambers are popular with tourists. The beginning of the construction is attributed to 4000 BC. e. The population of Malta is about 450 thousand people.