Qatar - The State Qatar is a state in the Middle East, located on the Qatari Peninsula in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders on Saudi Arabia in the south, is washed by the Persian Gulf from all other sides (due to the presence of a disputed territory in the past between Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, on many maps Qatar is also bordering United Arab Emirates). In the north-west it has a sea border with the islands of Bahrain, in the south-east it has a sea border with the United Arab Emirates. The capital is the city of Doha. The population of the country is two and a half million people.