Portugal is the southern European state on the Iberian Peninsula, bordering Spain. The location of the country on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean influenced its culture. The national dishes are salted cod and grilled sardines. The most popular destination among tourists is the beaches of the Algarve region. The main part of the architectural buildings dates back to the 16th – 19th centuries, when Portugal was a great maritime state. The population of Portugal is ten million people.