About webcam "Independence square, European square" in Kiev
Kiev is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north of the central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population in July 2015 was 2,887,974 (although higher estimated figures were indicated in the press), which makes Kiev the seventh most populous city in Europe. The city has an extensive infrastructure and a developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro. The name of the city, as they say, comes from the name of Kyi, one of its four legendary founders.
For its history, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, has gone through several stages of great fame and relative obscurity. The city probably existed as a commercial center in the 5th century. Slavic settlement on a large trade route between Scandinavia and Constantinople, Kiev was a settlement of the Khazars until it was seized by the Vikings in the middle of the 9th century. According to the rule of the Vikings, the city became the capital of Kievan Rus, the first Eastern Slavic state. Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion in 1240, the city lost most of its influence over the centuries. It was the provincial capital of the utmost importance on the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbors; First the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, then Poland and Russia.